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潍坊市T房地产项目成本控制与优化研究_MBA毕业论文PDF

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分类号:学校代码:10426 密级:学号:f021070071 专业硕士学位论文 PROFESSIONALMASTERDEGREETHESIS 潍坊市T房地产项目 成本控制与优化研究 作者:于鹏飞 指导教师:索琪 学科专业:工商管理 专业代码:125100 研究方向:项目管理 2023年6月6日潍坊市T房地产项目成本控制与优化研究 摘要 随着疫情形势的严峻,作为地方财政收入的主要支柱之一的土地财政和房产经 济正面临着愈来愈大的挑战,人工成本与一线城市的用工成本逐渐持平,运输费用 在疫情影响下的不断上涨且处处受限,材料生产上游企业的减产停产等各方面因素 让众多中小规模房地产企业的利润空间受到挤压,生存压力不断增加Χ允贝? 发展和社会变革,房地产企业需要有效整合现有资源,拓展管理手段,控制项目成 本,以实现企业的可持续发展。成本控制是项目管理的核心组成部分,在建设前期 项目总预算金额确定后,以工期进度为主的变动成本就成了可优化成本的主要选择。 通过对项目工期进度的优化,降低工期进度成本,从而降低项目整体资金耗用量。 此种成本降低方法以降低总资金为最终目标,以降低各建设进度工期成本为主要手 段,以优化工期建设方案为宏观目标。 本文将潍坊市T房地产项目作为研究对象,该项目目前处于施工建设状态中, 已确定施工计划及成本费用归集紫炔捎梦南追治龇ǘ韵喙亟ㄉ韫こ痰某杀居呕? 文献资料进行综合整理分析,阐明本次研究的背景和意义,总结国内外管理学层面 对于成本控制和优化研究的理论和研究成果。对该项目进行成本分解,最终确定可 进行成本优化的工期及资金需求细化科目。建立项目活动信息表,针对工期进度及 物料成本资金需求量确定训练数据集詈蠖砸先和缢惴ǖ牟问猩柚煤脱橹ぃ? 得到有效的参数预设值,并将训练数据导入算法进行腄饧扑恪Mü扑悖て? 安排和成本投入的结果预期与最终动态平衡下的预期进行比较分析,得出蚁群网络 算法对于T房地产项目成本控制及优化需求有效可行的结论,在一定程度上合理高 效地规划了T房地产项目工期建设进度和减少了总资金需求量,达到本文对房地产 项目进行成本控制与优化的研究目的。 关键词项目管理成本优化全生命周期蚁群网络算法COSTCONTROLANDOPTIMIZATION OFTREALESTATEPROJECT INWEIFANGCITY ABSTRACT With the severity of the epidemic situation,the land finance and real estate economy, as one of the main pillars of local fiscal revenue,are facing increasing challenges.Labor costs are gradually leveling off with the labor costs of first tier cities,transportation costs are constantly rising and restricted under the influence of the epidemic,and various factors such as the reduction and shutdown of upstream enterprises in material production have squeezed the profit space of many small and medium-sized real estate enterprises, The pressure of survival is constantly increasing.To cope with the development of the times and social changes,real estate enterprises need to effectively integrate existing resources,expand management methods,control project costs,and achieve sustainable development of the enterprise.Cost control is a core component of project management. After the total budget amount of the project is determined in the early stage of construction,variable costs based on schedule become the main option for optimizing costs.By optimizing the project schedule and reducing the cost of schedule,the overall project capital consumption can be reduced.This cost reduction method aims to reduce total funds as the ultimate goal,reduce the cost of each construction schedule as the main means,and optimize the construction plan as the macro goal. This article takes the Weifang Treal estate project as the research object.The project is currently under construction,and the construction plan and cost collection have been determined.Firstly,the literature analysis method is used to comprehensively collate and analyze the literature on cost optimization of related construction projects,clarify the background and significance of this study,and summarize the theory and research result of cost control and optimization research at the domestic and foreign management level. Carry out cost decomposition for the project,and finally determine the detailed subjectsfor cost optimization such as construction period and fund requirements.Establish a project activity information table and determine a training dataset for the duration, progress,material costs,and capital requirements.Finally,the parameters of the ant colony network algorithm are set and validated to obtain effective parameter preset values, and the training data is imported into the algorithm for simulation calculation.Through calculation,the expected results of the original schedule and cost input are compared and analyzed with those final dynamic balance.From this,it is concluded that the ant colony network algorithm is effective and feasible for cost control and optimization requirements of Treal estate projects.To a certain extent,it is more reasonable and efficient to plan the construction schedule of Treal estate projects and reduce the total capital demand, achieving the research purpose of cost control and optimization of real estate projects in this article. KEYWORDS:Project Management Cost Optimization Full Life Cycle Ant Colony Network Algorithm 目录 1绪论.........................................................................................................1 1.1研究背景与意义...............................................................................1 1.1.1研究背景.....................................................................................1 1.1.2研究意义.....................................................................................2 1.2国内外研究现状...............................................................................3 1.2.1成本管理的相关研究.................................................................3 1.2.2全生命周期管理的相关研究.....................................................4 1.2.3房地产项目管理的相关研究.....................................................5 1.2.4项目成本控制优化与算法膒徒岷系难芯?...........................8 1.2.5文献评述.....................................................................................9 1.3研究内容与方法.............................................................................10 1.3.1研究内容...................................................................................10 1.3.2研究方法...................................................................................11 2概念与理论基础..................................................................................13 2.1概念界定.........................................................................................13 2.1.1房地产开发项目.......................................................................13 2.1.2成本控制...................................................................................13 2.1.3房地产项目成本类别...............................................................16 2.2理论基础.........................................................................................18 2.2.1成本管理理论...........................................................................18 2.2.2全生命周期管理理论...............................................................20 2.3蚁群网络算法.................................................................................20 2.4本章小结.........................................................................................22 3T房地产项目成本现状及分析............................................................23 3.1L房地产公司概述..........................................................................23 3.1.1公司简介...................................................................................23 3.1.2公司经营环境分析...................................................................24 3.2T房地产项目简介..........................................................................26 3.2.1T房地产项目预期规划............................................................26 3.2.2T房地产项目预期进度............................................................27 3.3T房地产项目成本管理现状..........................................................29 3.3.1T房地产项目预算规划............................................................29 3.3.2T房地产项目工期规划............................................................31 3.3.3T房地产项目现有成本体系....................................................31 。。。以下略