首页 >  资料专栏 >  论文 >  专题论文 >  其他论文 >  北京市家庭农场土地流转现状问题分析及对策_MBA毕业论文DOC

北京市家庭农场土地流转现状问题分析及对策_MBA毕业论文DOC

资料大小:8047KB(压缩后)
文档格式:DOC
资料语言:中文版/英文版/日文版
支持系统:Win9X/XP/Vista/7/8/10
解压密码:m448
更新时间:2018/8/1

类型:金牌资料
积分:--
推荐:升级会员

   ==>> 点击下载文档


内容简介
摘要
2013年的中央一号文件中首次使用“家庭农场”概念,体现出我国
在农户经营条件下对此领域的开发方针,而且文件中指出“促进并扶持
生产户、农场、合作社使用土地,实现不同程度的发展”。家庭农场应
聚集原先散布的土地,形成相应的规模,继而创造大量的效益。农业存
在投资多、期限长、不稳定的特点,家庭农场在实现相应的规模后,其
要获得长期发展,最重要的条件是其承包的土地存在长久性、平稳性,
倘若土地缺乏这些特征,则农场就无法实现大量生产及有序发展,不能
创造良好的效益。当前北京市很多地区主要通过出租的方式转让使用
权,租期通常较短,农户不能确保土地的持续平稳运营,缺乏大量投入
的勇气和信心,这对家庭农场扩大生产创造效益起了一定的限制作用

因此,解除土地流转过程出现的障碍对其发展起着尤为重要的作用。在
北京这一形式还在试点,但是农村有关土地使用权转让体制在逐渐完
善,农户不断总结发展经验,在这些因素的带动下,农场在北京存在较
高的进步空间及发展平台,特别是对拥有北京一半以上土地的山区而
言,其对北京完成现代化农业发展发挥着不可替代的作用

本文对我国家庭农场方面的一系列观点进行了深入细致的探讨及
研宄,对国内外此领域的成功实践经验做了非常详尽的归纳,本文运用
文献法、归纳法、对比分析法对北京市家庭农场在土地流转中的现状、
存在的问题进行多方面分析,本文主要对家庭农场在土地流转方面的6
I
北京化工大学专业硕士学位论文
个问题进行了归纳分析:农民固有的惜土心理、北京土地流转费较高、
土地流转存在不规范不合理的地方、试点经营者规模经营管理经验欠
缺、社会化服务体系不完善、部分农民缺乏法律意识,通过对北京市家
庭农场的实例研宄,将理论运用到分析中,并提出相应的对策

关键字:家庭农场,土地流转,问题分析
II ABSTRACT
Analysis and Countermeasures on Land Circulation
of Family Farm in Beijing
ABSTRACT
The first to use the family farm concept of the central document in
2013, the release of policy signals the development of family farms in the
household management on the basis of our country, and referred to in the
document to encourage and support the contracted land bypass to
professional large, family farms, farmers&39; cooperatives, the development of
various forms of moderate scale management. Family farms need to
accumulate the original scattered land to a certain scale, in order to achieve
economies of scale. Agricultural investment, long period and high risk, the
family farm in a certain scale, the key is to transfer over land management
must have long-term stability, which is the key to the sustainable
development of family farm. If the mainstream of the farm land contracted
to the lack of stability, then the scale of the family farm management does
not exist, the benefits can not be guaranteed. At present, most of the local
form of land circulation in Beijing city dominated by rental, lease generally
short and long-term stability of farmer land management can not be expected,
not a large-scale investment, restricting the development of family farms to
grow. Visible, how to break the bottleneck of land transfer, family farms can
in
北京化工大学专业硕士学位论文
grow up key. The family farm is still in the pilot phase in Beijing, but with
the rural land transfer system and constantly improve the scale of family
experience, family farms have great potential for development in Beijing,
especially in Beijing accounted for 62% of the total area of the mountain, the
family farm has important significance to realize the construction of modem
agriculture in Beijing city target.
In this paper, the theory related to the development of family farms in
China made a comprehensive analysis, the advanced experience of the
development of family farms at home and abroad are summarized in detail in
this paper, using literature method, inductive method, comparative analysis
method through analyzing the Beijing City family farm in the land
circulation in the present situation, existing problems in this paper, mainly
on the family farm in the 6 aspects of the land circulation are analyzed:
farmers inherent psychological, but unfortunately the soil of land circulation
in Beijing, the high cost of land circulation is not standard unreasonable
place, pilot scale operators lack of management experience and social
service system is not perfect, some farmers lack of awareness of the law, by
the case study of Beijing City family farms, by applying the theory to the
analysis, and put forward the corresponding countermeasures.
KEY WORDS: Family Farm, Land circulation, problem analysis
IV 目录
目录
g ^ V
第1章绪论 1
1.1研究背景与研宄意义1.1.1研宄背景1.1.2研宄意义1.2研宄方法和研宄技术路线1.2.1研宄方法1.2.2技术路线1.3文章Kl创新点第2章国内外研宄综述2.1国外研究情况2.2国内研宄情况2.3研宄评述第3章家庭农场及农村土地流转的相关理论3.1家庭农场的相关理论
1〇
3.1.1家庭农场的概念3丄2家庭农场的类型3.1.3家庭农场发展现状3.2农村土地流转的相关理论3.2.1农村土地流转的概念3.2.2农村土地流转的类型及方式3.2.3农村土地流转的总体特征第4章北京市家庭农场土地流转的现状及问题4.1北京市家庭农场经营现状4.2北京市家庭农场的内涵及特征4.3北京市家庭农场相关政策情况4.4北京市家庭农场土地流转的现状4.5北京市家庭农场土地流转的主要问题
23
第5章北京市家庭农场土地流转典型案例调查分析
25
5.1惠民永兴家庭农场调研情况
25
5.2风之谷家庭农场调研情况
29
5.3通州区黄厂铺村家庭农场调研情况
31
V
北京化工大学专业硕士学位论文
第6章基于北京市家庭农场土地流转的对策
36
6.1教育农民科学认知土地流转
36
6.2坚持“市场导向、农民主体”原则
36
6.3完善农民专业合作组织
37
6.4规范农村土地流转市场
37
6.5加强对工商企业租赁承包地的监管
37
6.6落实农村土地确权
38
6.7政府要完善农村社会保障
38
6.8规范流转行为
38
6.9政府要做好土地流转服务
39
6.9.1完善政策咨询机制
39
6.9.2合理确定经营规模并完善价格评估机制
39
6.9.3完善信息交流机制
40
6.9.4完善土地流转调节机制
40
第7章结论 42
参考文献 43
tf 45
作者和导师简介
46
VI Contents
Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction1.1 Research background and significance1.1.1 Research background1.1.2 Research significance1.2 Research methods and Technical Route1.2.1 Research methods1.2.2 Technical route1.3 the innovation of the articleChapter 2 Reviews the domestic and foreign research2.1 Domestic research situation2.2 Domestic research situation2.3 Research reviewChapter 3 The theory of family farms and rural land transfer3.1 The theory of family farms3.1.1 Family farm concept3.L2 Family farm type3.1.3 Family farm development status3.2 The theory of rural land transfer3.2.1 The concept of rural land transfer3.2.2 Types and ways of rural land circulation3.2.3 The general characteristics of rural land circulationChapter 4 The current situation and problems of land circulation of
family farms in Beijing4.1 Beijing family farm management status quo4.2 The connotation and characteristics of family farms in Beijing4.3 Beijing family farm policy situation4.4 The status of land circulation in Beijing family farms4.5 The main problems of land circulation of family farms in Beijing
23
Chapter 5 the analysis of typical cases of land circulation in Beijing
family farms 25
5.1 Huimin Yongxing family farm survey
25
5.2 Wind Valley family farm research situation
29
VII
北京化工大学专业硕士学位论文
5.3 Tongzhou District yellow factory shop village family farm research situation..31
Ch
。。。以上简介无排版格式,详细内容请下载查看