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MBA硕士毕业论文_东省德州市家庭农场发展对策研究

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时代在不断发展,作为第一产业的农业跟第二产业、第三产业相比,比重在 逐年减少,但是农业的基础性地位没有改变。近年来,国家多次下发中央一号文 件关注新型农业经营主体,2019 年国家有关支持家庭农场发展的政策、法规和经 营管理制度要健全、培育家庭农场的计划也要有序实施。由此可见,家庭农场已 经成为我国具有战略意义的新型农业经营主体。 德州市家庭农场的发展紧跟全国脚步,取得了一定的成绩,但是,跟国内外 家庭农场发展比较好的地区相比,德州市家庭农场发展还有很长的一段路要走。 本文借鉴国内外专家学者对家庭农场的研究,再通过发放调查问卷的形式和实地 走访,掌握了德州市家庭农场的第一手材料。本次调查问卷共发出 225 份,收回 有效问卷 220 份。分析调查问卷数据,发现德州市家庭农场面临着经营者综合素 质不高、土地流转机制不健全、经营成本和农机投入大、融资难等问题,再用 AHP 分析方法重点研究了制约德州市家庭农场发展的因素,确定这些影响因素的强弱 和范围,最后提出德州市家庭农场未来发展的对策。 关键词:农业 家庭农场 影响因素 发展对策Abstract With the continuous development of The Times, the proportion of agriculture as the primary industry has been decreasing year by year compared with the secondary industry and the tertiary industry, but the basic status of agriculture has not changed. In recent years, the government has issued the No. 1 Document each year, focusing on new types of agricultural operators. In 2019, the national policies, regulations and operation and management system to support the development of family farms should be improved, and the plan to cultivate family farms should also be implemented in an orderly manner. Thus it can be seen that family farm has become a new type of agricultural operation subject with strategic significance in China. The development of family farms in Dezhou follows closely the footsteps of the whole country and has made some achievements. However, compared with the regions with better development of family farms, the development of family farms in Dezhou still has a long way to go. This paper draws on the research of domestic and foreign experts and scholars on family farms, and then through the form of questionnaires and field visits, has mastered the first-hand materials of family farms in Dezhou city. A total of 225 questionnaires were sent out and 220 valid questionnaires were collected. Questionnaire data, it is found that Dezhou family farm operators is not of high quality, the land circulation mechanism is not sound, management cost and agricultural inputs, such as financing difficult problem, and then use the AHP analysis to focused on the factors restricting the development of Dezhou family farm, determine the strength and scope of these factors, finally puts forward countermeasures for the future development of Dezhou family farm. Key words: Agriculture Family farms Influencing factors Development strategy目录 第一章 绪论.......................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 研究背景及研究意义.............................................................................................................1 1.1.1 研究背景..................................................................................................................... 1 1.1.2 研究意义.................................................................................................................... 2 1.2 国内外研究现状.....................................................................................................................2 1.2.1 国外研究现状.............................................................................................................2 1.2.2 国内研究现状.............................................................................................................3 1.2.3 国内外研究现状评述.................................................................................................4 1.3 研究内容与研究思路.............................................................................................................4 1.3.1 研究内容..................................................................................................................... 4 1.3.2 研究思路..................................................................................................................... 5 1.3.3 研究方法..................................................................................................................... 5 1.4 研究难点及创新之处.............................................................................................................6 第二章 理论综述.................................................................................................................................. 7 2.1 理论基础................................................................................................................................. 7 2.1.1 规模经济理论.............................................................................................................7 2.1.2 制度变迁理论.............................................................................................................8 2.1.3 供给需求理论.............................................................................................................8 2.1.4 理论总结与借鉴.........................................................................................................9 2.2 家庭农场相关概念.................................................................................................................9 2.2.1 家庭农场含义.............................................................................................................9 2.2.2 家庭农场的发展特征.................................................................................................9 第三章 国内外家庭农场的发展实践................................................................................................11 3.1 国外家庭农场发展...............................................................................................................11 3.1.1 荷兰家庭农场发展...................................................................................................11 3.1.2 澳大利亚家庭农场发展...........................................................................................12 3.1.3 日本家庭农场发展...................................................................................................12 3.2 国内家庭农场发展...............................................................................................................13 3.2.1 湖北武汉发展模式...................................................................................................13 3.2.2 吉林延边发展模式...................................................................................................14 3.2.3 安徽郎溪发展模式...................................................................................................14 3.3 国内外家庭农场发展总结...................................................................................................15 3.3.1 国外家庭农场发展总结...........................................................................................15 3.3.2 国内家庭农场发展总结........................................................................................15 第四章 德州市家庭农场发展现状....................................................................................................17 4.1 德州市家庭农场发展概述...................................................................................................17 4.1.1 经营者的综合素质...................................................................................................17 4.1.2 家庭农场经营资源配置...........................................................................................17 4.1.3 家庭农场基本经营情况...........................................................................................19 4.1.4 德州市家庭农场发展环境.......................................................................................204.2 德州市家庭农场发展特征...................................................................................................20 4.2.1 科技引领发展...........................................................................................................20 4.2.2 品牌引领发展...........................................................................................................21 4.2.3 经营模式多样化引领发展......................................................................................22 4.3 德州市家庭农场发展形式...................................................................................................23 4.4 德州市家庭农场存在的问题...............................................................................................23 4.4.1 经营者综合素质较低...............................................................................................23 4.4.2 土地流转机制不健全...............................................................................................24 4.4.3 经营成本增加...........................................................................................................24 4.4.4 融资难.......................................................................................................................24 第五章 德州市家庭农场发展影响因素分析....................................................................................26 5.1 确定影响德州市家庭农场发展的因素...............................................................................26 5.2 实证分析德州市家庭农场发展的影响因素...................................................................... 27 第六章 德州市家庭农场未来发展对策............................................................................................33 6.1 清晰家庭农场定义和适用范围...........................................................................................33 6.2 健全土地流转制度...............................................................................................................33 6.3 发展农产品区域公共品牌和开展“三品一标”认证......................................................34 6.4 强化金融扶持政策...............................................................................................................35 6.5 提高家庭农场经营人员素质...............................................................................................36 6.6 加大科技投入.......................................................................................................................37 6.7 健全农业社会化服务体系...................................................................................................38 第七章 结论与展望............................................................................................................................40